Website Basics – Domain and Hosting

A URL (aka Universal Resource Locator) is a complete web address used to find a particular web page. While the domain is the name of the website, a URL will lead to any one of the pages within the website. Every URL contains a domain name, as well as other components needed to locate the specific page or piece of content.

Examples of URLs:
http://www.google.com
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/umami
https://www.youtube.com/feed/trending

The website domain is a unique name of the website for example www.google.com or www.microsoft.com.
Basically, humans can't remember the IP address of a website so to make it easy domain name is used.  In other words, when you buy a domain, you have purchased the name for your site, but you still need to build the website itself.

In digital terms, a website is a collection of content, often on multiple pages, that is grouped together under the same domain. You can think of it like a shop, where the domain is the shop name, the URL is the shop's address and the website is the actual shop, with shelves full of products and a cash register.

Web hosting is the process of renting or buying space to store a website on the World Wide Web.

Website content such as HTML, CSS, and images has to be stored on a server to be viewable online.
The server where a website is stored is called a Web Server. 

Website domain costs vary depending on the domain. .co.nz and .nz domains are sold for $29 to $50 per year. 

Web Hosting cost depends on hosting providers and hosting plan. Shared hosting is cheaper for simple business websites. 

Popular Web Hosting providers Hostinger, CrazyDomain, Host Ground, and Godaddy are hosting providers but they don't have a data centre or server in New Zealand. But they are super fast and affordable for small business websites. 
There are local web hosting service providers. New Zealand-based hosting providers bit pricy as they have local data centres and tech support. 
My preferred local NZ-based hosting is Hoopla Hosting 

Yes, the domain has an expiry annually when purchased from. You can register a domain for one year, two years, five years or ten years

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